Curious about getting started with cannabis? Check out our first Cannabis 101 post! Reprinted with permission from Cannabis Daily Record:
By Sue Vorenberg
Cannabis Daily Record
If you’re new to cannabis, or returning after a long hiatus, you may find yourself in a confusing world of new strains and products.
Fortunately, though, developing your palate for the array of sativas, indicas and hybrids that are out in the market can be incredibly fun.
Legal recreational shops in select states are very new, but they bring with them access to a huge array of strains that you just wouldn’t have access to in the black market.
There are literally hundreds, if not thousands, of marijuana strains – each created by mixing, matching and breeding plants that have been found all over the world.
So where do you start?
Here’s what I did when I first began exploring recreational cannabis:
When the first stores opened in Washington, I had little experience with any strains or variety. I smoked pot in the 1980s but stopped for about 30 years. I started again in 2014 because as a reporter covering the industry (I covered cannabis at The Columbian newspaper in Southwest Washington from 2012-2015) I wanted to understand more about the realities of marijuana and why people use it.
Along the way I discovered that I enjoyed it – and that there were some strains that were just perfect for me, helping me with sleep issues or making mundane chores like vacuuming more interesting.
So – as a basic overview – let’s start with the three general strain types: Sativa, Hybrid and Indica.
Sativas are the energetic daytime strains good for hiking, cleaning up around the house or working out, among many other things.
Indicas are evening or nighttime strains good for relaxing on the couch, contemplating or preparing your mind and body for bed, among many other things.
Hybrids are a mix of sativa and indica strains to produce a wide range of mixed affects – many growers will list whether their hybrids are sativa-dominant or indica-dominant, which can give you some idea of whether the strain will be more relaxed or more energetic.
To get started, I’d recommend trying one sativa, one indica and two hybrids. You’ll need a decent glass pipe (which doesn’t require a screen like pipes did in the old days), a grinder(somewhat optional but it can make your smoking experience far more smooth), a lighter, and the smallest bag of each strain – if you can get 1 gram bags or smaller that’s ideal.
Leafly has a great deal of information about many strains, including their medical properties, so if you’re looking for something specific in that vein, I’d highly recommend surfing around the site for details.
In general though, here’s my suggested starter strain pack (And if you’re new I’d recommend buying lower THC content varieties, which are less expensive and won’t overwhelm you. About 15 percent THC is a good starting point):
Sativa: Cinex (one of the most popular varieties with a nice balance that’s great for daytime)
Indica: Granddaddy Purple (also a popular variety that’s soothing and relaxing, especially in late evening)
Hybrids: Blue Dream (the king of hybrid strains and a good mix of active energy and relaxation) and OG Kush (a heavier West Coast hybrid that is good for taking the edge off after a stressful day. OG Kush is also the backbone of several other hybrid strains. OG, by the way, likely stands for Ocean Grown, although the full history of the name is still a bit mysterious).
Of note, you can also buy a pre-roll of each variety if you want to skip the pipe and grinding, but that said, if you really want to become a gourmet the best place to start is with un-ground flower.
After you get your starter pack home, pick which strain you want to start with.
Whenever I try a new strain, I fill out a strain sheet with details about how it made me feel. Here’s a link to a .pdf of the sheets I fill out: StrainSheet.
I like to collect that information because it helps me understand the differences between strains and how they affect me. And of note, each strain affects each person somewhat differently, so it’s important to experiment a bit and discover which ones work best for you beyond just looking at reviews.
So let’s say you start with Blue Dream. Open the package and look at the buds, smell them, maybe even take a picture of them before you grind them.
Once you do that, grind the buds. There’s a great 101 post about that on Cannabis Chronicles (the cannabis news portal site I founded at The Columbian) here: Cannabis 101: Grinders.
After experimenting a bit, I’ve found that 4 ounce jelly canning jars make the perfect storage containers for your ground up bud. I have a larger plastic drawer case where I sort mine by sativa, hybrid and indica for later use.
Once you’ve ground the flower and have it stored either back in the bag or in a jelly jar, give it another good long sniff and see if you pick up any specific notes. Those notes – like pine, citrus, berry or skunk – can usually give you an idea of the terpenes in the strain (I’ll do a post about terpenes soon). Terpenes can tell you a little bit about how a strain might affect you, for example pinene (that pine smell) can be associated with the alert and active properties of a sativa.
From there, pack up your pipe bowl and smoke one hit, holding it in for a few seconds and then blowing it out. Don’t take more than one hit when you first try something, because strains that kick in slowly can end up overwhelming you if you take too much.
Take note of the time it took to kick in (some strains are instantaneous, some take five or six minutes) and how it made you feel. Note both the positive and negative aspects of the strain and whether it’s something you’d buy again or not. Note how strong it is – and whether you wanted to take another hit or not after the feel reached its full effect.
If you find you prefer indica, sativa or hybrid strains, try more of them. For instance, if you find you enjoy Cinex, you can try the same strain from a different grower or advance to other sativas like Jack Herer or Sour Diesel.
I find that personally I like having a variety of types around. Some I will use when I’m planning to be out and active, others I’ll use for chilling out and watching TV, and still others I’ll use before bed.
As you learn more about how your own body responds to different strains, you’ll want to keep a few of your favorites on hand in larger quantities (which can be cheaper when you buy more).
Hope this helps you get started!